Poland has a diverse and interesting flora and fauna, primarily located in the east of the country. Travel with us on a tailor-made wildlife holiday in Poland or enjoy one of our suggested wildlife and bird watching itineraries below. We will ensure that you are guided by some of the country's top wildlife experts, backed by the knowledge of local foresters and national park staff.
A week tracking Europe's largest population of wolves in the Bieszcady mountains of Poland
8 - 10 Days
Superb guiding - some of the best birding in Europe - increased knowledge of common birds - search for European specialties or must see birds
Seasonally dependent to include - Tatra mountains - Babia Gora - Pieniny Mountains - Bialowieza & Biebrza
Just a couple of the good manor houses in the east of Poland for wildlife and bird watching holidays in Biebrza and Bialowieza. We will be adding to these in due course, particularly with guesthouses in the south.
The ancient landscapes of Europe have virtually disappeared from our over-populated continent, but some hints still remain in Poland, thus making wildlife holidays in Poland rewarding experiences. The diversity of geography ensures a diversity of species. There are wild areas of high Alpine peaks in the Tatra Mountains where Alpine accentor live among the craggy peaks, brown bears forage on the lower slopes and in the valleys. Nearby, in the limestone pinnacles in the Pieniny Mountains can be found many orchids and butterflies and on the poloniny or grassy upland meadows of the Bieszczady Mountain in the far southeast, wolves roam.
In contrast to the mountains, the highlights of northeast Poland are two of the great wilderness areas of Europe, the Biosphere Reserves of Bialowieza Primeval Forest and Biebrza Marshes, also a RAMSAR site.
A visit to any of these regions of Poland described above with our expert guides will ensure a good natural history holiday and an insight into a culture facing continue pressure from modernisation. Throughout the countryside of the east there is mile after mile of traditionally worked farmland that provides a classic mix of habitats ideal for a large number of typical European bird species.
Over 80% of Europe's bird species have been recorded in Poland and many challenging birds such as nutcrackers, hazel hen, various owls and crakes can be found here making the destination great for bird watching holidays. In the past we have organised bird watching holidays in Poland for couples and small groups of friends travelling privately.
The Polish list of butterflies has reached over 160 species and there are around 3000 moth species including many eastern specialties. 72 species of dragonfly, including some rarities, have been recorded and during the summer months, on a 10 day wildlife tour, it is not unusual to find 50 species.
The majority of our wildlife holidays in Poland concentrate on mammalian species and a good number of mammals may be seen with relative ease including European bison, elk, beaver, otter, red squirrel, pine marten and wild boar. Other species such as wolf and lynx may be tracked but are harder to see, even in the best season. These tailor made holidays tracking and observing mammals tend to concentrate either on the Bieszczady Mountains or a combination of the Biebrza Marshes and Bialowieza Forests.
The Bieszczady Mountains are tucked away in the corner of southeast Poland and practically surrounded by Ukraine and Slovakia. Here there are many red deer and other prey species for wolf including roe deer and some elk. This region has one of the highest densities of wolves in Europe. The mountains are also home to around 400 European bison that are the descendents of animals reintroduced around 50 years ago; whilst lynx is the symbol of the national park and they are present in good numbers along with wildcat. Brown bear are also in their greatest density in these mountains and it is known that some males do not sleep during mild winters and therefore are possible to track in the snows. Beavers are also very common in the river valleys.
The vast Biebrza Marshes are inhabited by 3 packs of wolves and are one of the wildest and most unspoilt marshland habitats in Europe making them also one of the prime bird watching sites in Poland. Other mammals more likely to be seen include otter, elk, raccoon dog, wild boar, beaver, red deer, roe deer and northern water vole. Lynx are also present here. In nearby Bialowieza wolves are present but harder to find in the forests and European bison roam. These two national parks are easily accessible from Warsaw and a great option for a short wildlife holiday.
Most of our tailor made holidays for wildlife in Poland only visit one or two destinations with trips running between 5 days and 2 weeks. Observation of mammals or birds often takes a more concerted effort in fewer locations whereas our natural history tours in the summer for those interested in orchids, butterflies, dragonflies, moths and perhaps amphibians will generally cover greater areas seeking out rarities. However, on all of our wildlife holidays in Poland you are hosted by professional guides with expertise and interests in specific areas of nature and they are also backed up by a great network of local informers from researchers to foresters and national park staff, all thus ensures we try to give you the best possible experiences in Poland.
TIME ZONE GMT +1 hour
To: Krakow or Warsaw
Airlines: British Airways, LOT Polish and some low cost carriers
Flight time: approx. 2.5 hours
Tetanus is recommended. You should consult your G.P. for up to date and precise details before travelling.
The weather is typical of central Europe with generally cold, harsh winters, hot summers and good spring and autumn periods. Your travel will be dictated by the nature you wish to observe, for instance wolves are best tracked when snow is on the ground, whilst bears are often best seen as they forage for the autumn harvest. With many migrant species bird watching is also seasonal and perhaps the best times are May, June and September.